INFAT® has a beneficial role in bone development
during early life
Bones form the framework for a child’s growing body. The newborn infant is born with bones that are either made entirely or partially of cartilage. As the baby grows, the cartilage is slowly replaced by bone. Researchers have made significant efforts to determine the factors that influence bone mineral build up in healthy children as it is widely believed that osteoporosis originates in childhood. They found that the absorption of nutrients, such as minerals, fats, carbohydrates and proteins, is tremendously important for normal infant growth and development and may contribute to early bone mineral buildup. This means that providing optimal nutrition during childhood may be essential to reaching the highest possible peak bone mass.
Studies show that INFAT®-containing infant formulas support fat and calcium absorption in infants. The absorption of nutrients is important for healthy growth and development, and may contribute to early bone mineral accretion.
A double-blind, randomized controlled clinical study carried out to compare the benefits of infant formula containing INFAT® with a standard formula and with breastmilk reported on the formulas’ effects on infant's bone strength. It was demonstrated that term newborns fed with infant formula containing INFAT® for 12 weeks had a significantly higher bone speed of sound (SOS)* than that of newborns fed with standard infant formula. The bone SOS was comparable to that of breastfed babies.
Human milk is the optimal choice for infants, but when breastfeeding is not practical, the closest substitute is important for an infant's comfort, health and development. In human milk and in most infant formulas, the fat, primarily triglycerides, provides about 50% of the energy that is needed for healthy growth. Triglycerides in human milk are special as the fatty acids are attached to the glycerol backbone in a unique order which cannot be found in other types of oils. One major fatty acid in human milk, named palmitic acid, is generally (70-75% of it) located at the sn2 position.
Speed of Sound (SOS), is a safe and popular parameter for measuring bone strength in infants. SOS, a non- invasive method, reflects mineral density, cortical thickness, elasticity and micro-architecture of the bone. Thus, it provides a more complete picture of bone strength compared to other known measurements of bone strength.